new NHIF Rates in 2024

New NHIF Rates in 2024

As we embark on a new year in Kenya, changes are afoot, and one significant update affecting many citizens is the revised National Hospital Insurance Fund- NHIF Rates in 2024. While the announcement has sparked discussions and questions, understanding the details and implications is crucial for everyone enrolled in the program.

Introduction to NHIF in Kenya

Imagine having access to quality healthcare no matter where you are in Kenya, regardless of your income. That’s the promise of the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF), a vital organization playing a crucial role in the health landscape of the East African nation.

Established in 1966, NHIF has come a long way from its humble beginnings as a department within the Ministry of Health. Today, it stands as a powerful symbol of Kenyan resilience and commitment to ensuring healthcare for all. With over 17 million registered members, NHIF acts as a safety net, providing financial protection against the often-prohibitive costs of medical services.

Through a system of contributions from both formal and informal sectors, NHIF pools resources to provide a comprehensive package of medical benefits. This includes inpatient and outpatient care, maternity services, chronic disease management, and even some specialized treatments. With a network of over 5,000 accredited healthcare facilities across the country, NHIF members can seek quality care close to home.

NHIF’s impact extends beyond individual well-being. By reducing financial barriers to healthcare, it fosters a healthier and more productive population. This translates to economic benefits for the nation as a whole, as healthy citizens contribute more actively to the workforce.

Of course, the journey is not without its challenges. Ensuring equitable access for all Kenyans, particularly those in remote areas, remains a constant pursuit. Additionally, balancing affordability with sustainability is a delicate act, requiring ongoing adjustments and innovations.

Yet, despite these challenges, NHIF stands as a testament to Kenyan ingenuity and dedication to social good. As the organization continues to evolve and adapt, one thing remains constant: its unwavering commitment to improving the health and well-being of all Kenyans.

What’s New- NHIF Rates in 2024?

The most significant change is the shift from income bracket-based contributions to a flat rate of 2.75% of gross monthly income for salaried individuals. This means everyone earning a salary will contribute a percentage of their earnings, regardless of the specific amount. For those in the informal sector, the contribution remains a fixed Ksh 300 per month.

Impact on Different Segments

  • High-income earners: Previously, individuals earning above Ksh 100,000 contributed a maximum of Ksh 1,700. Under the new system, their contributions will likely increase, depending on their specific income.
  • Middle-income earners: This group may see a slight decrease or increase in their contributions, depending on their exact salary.
  • Low-income earners and informal sector: These individuals will benefit from the reduced contribution compared to the previous tiered system.

Benefits of the New NHIF Rates in 2024

  • Equity and Fairness: The flat rate ensures a more equitable system, where everyone contributes proportionally to their earnings.
  • Increased Revenue for NHIF: The new system is expected to generate more revenue for NHIF, potentially leading to improved healthcare services and wider coverage.
  • Simplified Contributions: The flat rate eliminates the complexities of navigating different income brackets and simplifies the contribution process.

Challenges and Concerns of New NHIF Rates in 2024

  • Affordability for High Earners: The increased contributions for high-income earners may raise concerns about affordability, especially during challenging economic times.
  • Informal Sector Coverage: While the reduced rate for the informal sector is positive, ensuring consistent and widespread enrollment remains a challenge.
  • Communication and Awareness: Effectively communicating the changes and their implications to all NHIF members is crucial to avoid confusion and misinformation.

Applying for NHIF Card in Kenya

Applying for your NHIF card in Kenya can be a straightforward process if you have the right information and steps! Here’s a breakdown:


  • Open to all Kenyan citizens aged 18 and above.
  • Applies to employed, self-employed, informal sector workers, retirees, and voluntary contributors.

Required Documents

  • Copy of national identity card (ID): Principal member and dependents (if applicable).
  • Passport-sized photograph: One for principal member, additional for dependents if registering together.
  • Employment letter/introduction letter (employed): Original or stamped by employer.
  • Birth certificate/notification (dependents): Original and copy for children above 6 months/below 6 months respectively.
  • Marriage certificate/affidavit (spouse): Copy if including spouse on cover (optional).

Registration Methods

  • Online: NHIF Selfcare Platform ( – register and complete biometrics at nearest NHIF office or Huduma Center.
  • Mobile: Dial *155# and follow prompts.
  • “My NHIF” App: Download from App Store or Play Store – register and complete biometrics at nearest NHIF office or Huduma Center.
  • NHIF office/Huduma Center: Fill out form and submit documents. Biometric registration also done here.

Also Read: 5 businesses you can start with 50,000ksh in Kenya

Analyzing the Reasons for New NHIF Rates in 2024

Your summary of the reasons for the new NHIF rates provides a clear and concise overview. Here’s a closer look at each point:

1. Achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC)

The new rates aim to address the significant gap in healthcare access by bringing more Kenyans under NHIF coverage. This aligns with the government’s vision of UHC, ensuring everyone has financial protection against medical expenses.

2. Increased Revenue for NHIF

Rising healthcare costs, fraud, and low compliance have caused NHIF financial strain. Increased revenue from the new rates can help sustain the program and improve service delivery.

3. Expanded Coverage and Improved Benefits

With additional resources, NHIF can potentially expand its coverage to currently excluded groups and enhance the existing benefit package, leading to better healthcare experiences for members.

4. Enhancment of Equity

Replacing the income bracket-based system with a flat rate ensures a more equitable system where everyone contributes proportionately to their earnings. This addresses the previous unfairness where low-income earners paid a higher percentage of their income compared to high earners.

5. Expected Impact

The projected revenue increase of Ksh 30 billion is significant and can potentially bring about substantial improvements in the quality and accessibility of healthcare services across Kenya.

Implications of Social Health Insurance Fund Changes in Kenya

Kenya recently implemented significant changes to its Social Health Insurance Fund (SHIF), also known as the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF). These changes, effective in January 2024, aim to broaden healthcare access and financial protection for all Kenyans.

Key Changes in NHIF Rates in 2024

  • Shift to a flat rate: Contributions are now a flat 2.75% of gross monthly income for salaried individuals, eliminating the previous income bracket-based system.
  • Reduced rate for the informal sector: Individuals in the informal sector now pay a fixed KES 300 per month, compared to the previous tiered system.
  • Government commitment: The government increased its contributions for vulnerable groups like indigents and orphans.

Potential Implications of New NHIF Rates in 2024


  • Increased revenue for NHIF: The flat rate is expected to generate more revenue for NHIF, potentially leading to improved healthcare services and wider coverage.
  • Equity and fairness: The flat rate ensures a more equitable system where everyone contributes proportionally to their earnings.
  • Improved access for the informal sector: The reduced rate for the informal sector could encourage wider enrollment and access to healthcare.
  • Enhanced financial protection: Increased government contributions and a stable revenue stream can strengthen the safety net for vulnerable groups.


  • Affordability concerns for high earners: The flat rate may mean higher contributions for high-income earners compared to the previous system.
  • Challenges for informal sector coverage: Ensuring consistent enrollment and payment by individuals in the informal sector remains a challenge.
  • Need for efficient resource allocation: Increased revenue needs to be efficiently allocated to improve service quality and expand access.
  • Communication and awareness: Effectively communicating the changes and their implications to all NHIF members is crucial to avoid confusion and misinformation.

Overall, the NHIF changes represent a significant step towards achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in Kenya. While challenges exist, the potential benefits for improved healthcare access, equity, and financial protection are undeniable. Continued monitoring, evaluation, and adjustments will be crucial to ensure the success of these reforms and their positive impact on the health and well-being of all Kenyans.

Additional Resources:


What are the new NHIF rates in Kenya? 

As of January 2024, a flat rate of 2.75% of gross monthly income applies to employees. Informal sector individuals contribute a fixed Ksh 300 per month.

Why did the NHIF rates change?

The goal is to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC) by increasing revenue, expanding coverage, improving benefits, and ensuring a more equitable system.

Who does the new system affect? 

Everyone enrolled in NHIF, particularly high earners who will likely contribute more compared to the previous system. However, informal sector individuals benefit from a reduced rate.

How are the new rates calculated for salaried individuals?

Multiply your gross monthly income by 2.75%. Your employer should deduct this amount and remit it to NHIF on your behalf.

How do non-salaried individuals contribute?

You can pay the Ksh 500 monthly fee through M-Pesa Paybill 222222, NHIF SelfCare Platform, “My NHIF” App, or at NHIF offices and Huduma Centers.

When is the new contribution system effective?

The changes have been implemented since January 1st, 2024.

What happens if I don’t pay my NHIF contributions?

You may face penalties and accrue late payment fees. Additionally, you may not be able to access NHIF benefits until you settle your outstanding contributions.

Do the new rates affect NHIF benefits?

The existing package of inpatient and outpatient services, maternity care, chronic disease management, and some specialized treatments remains available.